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Battle Post-op Pain Without Opioids - April 2016 - Outpatient Surgery Magazine

Outpatient Surgery Magazine, providing current information on Surgical Services, Surgical Facility Administration, Outpatient Surgery News and Trends, OR Excellence and more.

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and a surgeon score the leadership styles of the physicians based on these qualities: • Passive. These leaders avoid taking action until it's absolutely neces- sary or, worse, exhibit no leadership at all. • Transactional. Leaders with this trait are good at identifying what needs to get done. They make sure their teams understand what will happen if the team accomplishes tasks, and what will happen if they don't. This type of leader often puts a heavy emphasis on the conse- quences of failure. While their ability to drive their teams to accom- plish tasks is important, they do so through fear; they stimulate a self- preservation instinct rather than truly inspiring others. • Transformational. This is next-level leadership. Transformational lead- ers fully understand the individual motivations of each team member. They tap into both to inspire the people in their charge to achieve a common goal. Their teams perform beyond, and not just to, expecta- tions. To understand how leadership style impacts team performance, we counted the number of times these different surgeons' OR teams shared information, cooperated and expressed their opinions. We wanted to tell surgeons how they could modify their behaviors to change their leadership styles, so we also assessed the degree to which these sur- geons communicated, coped with pressure, maintained standards, made decisions, managed resources, directed, trained and supported other team members. The findings, published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons (osmag.net/DcxU7F), unsurprisingly showed passive leadership scores were low (try to remember the last passive surgeon you met). Transactional scores varied little among the surgeons — they were all pretty good at defining and delegating tasks. However, transformation- al scores set some surgeons apart from their peers. A P R I L 2 0 1 6 • O U T PA T I E N TS U R G E R Y. N E T • 3 7

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