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Special Edition: Pain Management - March 2021 - Subscribe to Outpatient Surgery Magazine

Outpatient Surgery Magazine, providing current information on Surgical Services, Surgical Facility Administration, Outpatient Surgery News and Trends, OR Excellence and more.

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3 4 • S U P P L E M E N T T O O U T P A T I E N T S U R G E R Y M A G A Z I N E • M A R C H 2 0 2 1 How did your widely used scale come to be? I met Donna Wong, the late co-author of the scale, in 1981. We shared a concern about pediatric patients being able to communicate their pain levels with the numeric rating scale. We gave children a piece of paper with six circles in a straight line and asked them to draw faces in the circles, from "not pain" to "worst pain." We did that with about 50 kids, and a clear pattern emerged. From there, we had an artist recreate the children's drawings, and that's the scale you see today. How has the usage of the scale evolved? It was first included in one of Donna's books (1983) and has grown steadily since. Around 2008, we noticed people modifying and using the scale inappropriately. Facilities even tried to use it on unrespon- sive patients in comas. We established the Wong-Baker FACES Foundation to protect the integrity of the scale and give providers confidence they're using a tool with reliability and validity. Last year, our website had visitors from 172 countries, and the scale has been translated into more than 60 languages. Do any stories about the scale stand out to you? Two. A mother emailed to say the scale saved her son's life. He's on the autism spectrum and used the scale to express the pain he was experi- encing, which led to a life-saving surgery. I had tears in my eyes as I read that. Then, a large pharma company used our scale in a multina- tional research project and hired a company to translate it into numer- ous languages. On the day translations were completed for the Afrikaans, Southern Sotho, Xhosa and Zulu languages, a nurse in a remote South African clinic emailed me to ask if the scale was avail- able in those very languages. It was a true global connection. How should surgical professionals utilize pain scales? Whatever scale they use should be shared with patients before surgery and explained in detail. Donna was passionate about "atraumatic" care, and there are simple ways to make surgery less stressful for patients. Anxiety can impact out- comes, and clearly communicating pain control plans with patients is a huge anxi- ety-reducer. Also, expressing pain is a vulnerable experience, so providers have to be truly present and focused when patients are discussing their discomfort level. What's next for your Foundation? We just collaborated with Cornell University and created five new scales, two based on our scale for anxiety and anger, and new scales for depression, fatigue and brain fog. For more info on the project, visit: osmag.net/X8NkdX. OSM Ms. Baker (conniebaker@wongbakerfaces.org) is executive director of the Wong-Baker FACES Foundation and the author of Stay On: Build Resilience and Thrive While Facing Cancer. Q & A Improving Patient Care One Face at a Time Q&A with Connie Baker, MS, creator of the Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale.

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